Components of a watch. Materials.
As watchmakers, from The Watches Times we thought it might be interesting to our customers to learn and become familiar with the different parts and materials that integrate a watch, which will certainly help to better understanding and assessment of the characteristics of a specific production or watch, and also to decide the specifications we want for a watch, depending on whether it is market-oriented promo or retail.
The watches are complex instruments integrated by different parts or components that vary even depending on the type of movement (quartz or mechanical) that the watch has. Each of these components are important, not only for aesthetics they confer on the watch, but also for the materials used, that will give the watch its characteristics and a higher or lower value.
Mechanisms of a mechanical watch:
1)These are the main components we can find in wristwatches, whether mechanical or quartz:
- Case: is the watch part containing its internal components. It protects them from bumps, dust, dirt and moisture. It can be made with different materials such as alloy, stainless steel (durable, resistant and does not rust), titanium (light, resistant and stainless), precious metal (plated or whole) as gold, silver or platinum, or plastic (resistant and light).
The box consists of three main parts:
· Bezel: Ring around the glass.
· Case middle: Part or central body of the Fund.
· Cover: Inner part fixed under the case middle of the box. Metal or sapphire crystal (to see the movement or machinery), the bottom can be screwed, pressure, or twisted.
- Bezel: ring-shaped piece located on the watchcase, which is embedded glass. The bezel can be fixed, mobile, hinged or rotating, in which case usually takes some auxiliary graduated scale to measure certain variables, such as speed or distance.
- Dial: is the plate or base metal (usually brass – copper and zinc alloy-, or solid silver or gold in luxury watches) containing numbers, indexes and surface design. Although there are also squares or other shapes in most watches the dial is round. In its construction they can be used the same materials used in the cases, and copper or brass decorated, and plated porcelain in the visible face.
In the dial, we can distinguish in turn the following elements:
Indexes: marks on the dial indicating the subdivision of the time in hours, minutes … etc. They can be applied or embossed or painted.
Along with the indexes, also frequently found in this area the Numbering, which can be of various kinds (Roman numerals, Arabic … etc.) And also it helps to give the watch its own style or decoration.
Handles: fixed in the center of the sphere to mark the hours, minutes or seconds along the dial. They are of many kinds (arrowhead, inverted heart, harpoon, wavy … etc.) And help add personality and style to a clock depending on the type, color, thickness, luminescence … etc.
- Crystal: it is the cover located on the visible face of the watch. It can be made of plexiglass, mineral glass, used mostly in wristwatches midrange and low, and synthetic sapphire crystal, very resistant to scratches and used in wristwatches high-end, but more fragile to direct blows or falls.
The glass is attached to the housing by a seal for attachment, which is usually transparent or white plastic.
The most commonly used materials are as we have seen: plastic or Plexiglas, glass or mineral glass, and synthetic sapphire crystal.
To learn more about the crystals, you can click on (internal link to the post mineral glass or sapphire crystal glass).
- Strap or Bracelet: It serves to hold the watch to the wrist. It can be made of metal, plastic, rubber, silicone, fabric, synthetic materials or skin. The leather straps are stylish but easily deteriorate and can be used skin of different animals such as crocodile, cow … etc. They often are attached to the legs of the case middle by a pin. Metal bands, stronger, usually consist of a series of coupled pieces, normally in the same style as the watchcase. The closure is usually through buckle, generally with a simple pin, or by a metal folding clasp connecting the two ends of the bracelet.
2) Specific components of mechanical watches:
- Winding mechanism: Can be manual or automatic. It serves to wind the mainspring.
- Crown: Fluted device coupled to the housing and in direct contact through the stem to the machinery of the clock, through which rope is given to it, the time is set, or the calendar is set, actioning it from different positions.
- Mainspring: It is a metal foil spirally wound that acts as an energy source, when the crown is actived.
- Gear train: Transmits the energy of the mainspring to the escape wheel.
- Escape wheel: Gear connecting the gear train with the oscillator.
- Oscillator: wheel counterbalanced that converts the rotary motion of the gears in oscillatory.
3) Specific components of the quartz watches:
- Quartz Crystal: Piece of quartz that generates the necessary impulse for measuring time.
- Battery: Provides power to drive the watch movement.
- Frequency divider: Electronic circuit formed by a series of counters for obtaining a frequency of 1 Hz or submultiple.
- Buttons: Allow operate the various functions of the watch.
Finally, we can also mention the different horological complications and various functions that can incorporate a watch. Combinations of one and the other, along with the materials, type of movement and design, and of course, the manufacturer’s brand and style are what give each watch their own identity and price.
The Watches Times makes watches according to the requirements of their customers, whether Promo or retail sectors, manufacturing watches with the design and specifications determined by the customer, providing a unique character to your brand or promotional campaign.
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